Ann Fitzgerald was educated at Mt. Holyoke College and St. Andrews University. She received her M.A. in English and Art History from the University of Wisconsin. For twelve years she taught English and was co-founder and the Director of Women's Studies at Denison University. She has also taught at the University of Michigan, Colorado College, Marymount Manhattan College and Jersey City State University; she also served as director of Antioch College's Women's Studies in Europe program. She has worked in the non-governmental sector as Director of Programs for the Association of Junior Leagues International and for the Child Care Action Campaign, where she specialized on public policy issues concerned with women and children. She has written studies on women's education and at-risk youth for the Carnegie Commission on Adolescent Development, the Ford Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Fund for the Improvement of Post Secondary Education. Ms. Fitzgerald has lectured widely in the United States and overseas on multicultural education, women's studies, body art and other subjects.
At the American Museum of Natural History Ms. Fitzgerald served as senior researcher in the Department of Anthropology. She worked on the curatorial side of Body Art: Marks of Identity (1999); her research for the exhibition included extensive fieldwork on contemporary tattoo and piercing. As Jesup Centenary Coordinator for the Museum's exhibition Drawing Shadows to Stone (1998), she was responsible for organizing an international conference to reconceptualize the expedition led by Franz Boas to Siberia and the Pacific Rim. She also coordinated the Museum's exhibition on life in contemporary Vietnam.