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Dyslexia Defined
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New data by Yale University researchers explain dyslexia, a condition that affects people who may be extremely intelligent, but struggle to read.  WNPR’s Diane Orson reports.

People usually think if you’re a good reader, you must be pretty smart.  And if you’re a poor reader, you’re probably not too bright. Yale researchers wanted to find out if that’s true. So they followed more than 400 Connecticut school children over 12 years -  measuring the relationship between reading and IQ. They found that in typical readers, reading and IQ, do in fact, track together. But for children with dyslexia, reading and IQ diverge.  

Dr. Sally Shaywitz is co-author of the Yale study. She says schools should take the condition seriously and provide appropriate accommodations for children with dyslexia:

"Very bright children are being told, 'You’re not trying hard enough. You’re not motivated'.  So this validates that this is something real, and it also validates that as they get older, what children need is additional time on high stakes standardized tests.

Dyslexia is defined as an unexpected difficulty in reading in a person with the intelligence and motivation to learn to read.  Famous people with dyslexia include writer John Irving and Carol Greider, 2009 Nobel Prize winner in Medicine. 

For WNPR, I’m Diane Orson.